The fake images of Taylor Swift thatin late January likely began as a chatroom challenge to bypass filters meant to stop people from creating pornography with artificial intelligence, a new study finds.
The images of the pop star can be traced to a forum on 4chan, an online image bulletin board with a history of sharing conspiracy theories, hate speech and other controversial content, according to the report by Graphika, a firm that analyzes social networks.
4chan users who created the images of Swift did so as part of a “game” of sorts to see if they could craft lewd and sometimes violent visuals of famous women, from singers to politicians, Graphika said. The firm detected a message thread on 4chan that encouraged users to try to bypass guardrails established by AI-powered image generators tools including OpenAI’s DALL-E, Microsoft Designer and Bing Image Creator.
Spokespeople for 4chan, OpenAI and Microsoft did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
The phony images of Swift spread quickly to other platforms, drawing millions of views and prompting X (formerly known as Twitter) tofor a few days.
The mega star’s devoted fanbase quickly launched a counteroffensive on the platform formerly known as Twitter, flooding the social media site with a #ProtectTaylorSwift hashtag amid more positive images of the pop star.
The Screen Actors Guild called the images of Swift “upsetting, harmful, and deeply concerning,” adding that “the development and dissemination of fake images — especially those of a lewd nature — without someone’s consent must be made illegal.”
Phony porn made with software has been around for years, with scattered regulation leaving those impacted with little legal or other recourse to get the images taken down. But the advent of so-called generative AI tools has fueled the creation and spread of pornographic “deepfake” images, including of celebrities.
Artificial intelligence, is also being used to target celebrities in other ways. In January,featuring Swift’s likeness endorsing a fake Le Creuset cookware giveaway made the rounds online. Le Creuset issued an apology to those who may have been duped.